Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Sub-Saharan Africa, also one of the world’s poorest countries. Climate variability has increased in Ethiopia making the poor more vulnerable. Due to climate change as well as additional human induced factors, the areas affected by drought and desertification are expanding in the country. According to the Index for Risk Management, Ethiopia is ranked as high risk, with exposure to hazards including increase in floods, earthquakes and droughts respectively, which will increase conflict risk and human exposure. Vulnerability is high in relation to displaced and vulnerable people with major impacts on development, which will require strong climate governance and institutional capacity to foster adaptation and resilience to climate impacts.
This Climate Risk Assessment outlines key recommendations to strengthen climate integration into development planning given the climate context of Ethiopia, as well as providing background on the climate impacts, vulnerability, policy framework, finance and climate implications for development programming.