Community-based adaptation (CBA) recognizes that environmental knowledge, vulnerability and resilience to climate impacts are embedded in societies and cultures. This means the focus needs to be on empowering and supporting communities to take action based on their own decision-making processes.
Increased resilience to climate stresses can be achieved by enabling communities to enhance their capacity to cope with climate extremes and surprises, such as hurricanes, floods or droughts. Although CBA is an emerging area, efforts are being been made to develop participatory methodologies, raise awareness of climate change, foster adaptive capacity and measure the impacts of adaptation activities undertaken.
Sharing this knowledge and experience from pilot activities amongst practitioners, policymakers, researchers, funders and the communities at risk is essential. In view of this, the First ‘International Workshop on Community Based Adaptation (CBA) to Climate Change’ was held in Dhaka, Bangladesh, in January 2005.