Community Consultation for Long-Term Climate-Resilient Housing in Vietnamese Cities: A Comparative Case Study between Hue and Da Nang

Climate change and housing have a close link in Vietnam’s cities. The impact of
climate change is one of the biggest concerns for government and civil society. In
Central Vietnam, storms and floods are common and dangerous hazards. Housing
vulnerability is intensified by these hazards – but also by fragile physical and
socio-economic conditions. In addition, post-disaster housing reconstruction in
Central Vietnam is still mainly seen as a single recovery action, separate from the
development of local housing and achieving long-term housing resilience.
Using comparative case studies from Hue and Da Nang – two of Vietnam’s cities
most vulnerable to climate change – this research examines key issues of climate resilient
housing (CRH) in post-disaster housing reconstruction to highlight the
significant relationship between them, using a CRH framework developed from
the Institute of Social and Environmental Transition’s urban climate resilience
framework (ISET, 2012). The findings show that developing CRH in Vietnam
requires the integration of local (indigenous) and new (innovative) knowledge and
requires the greater involvement of local government, civil society organisations and
the private sector.
Key policy recommendations include:
■■Built environment professionals such as local architects and engineers should
work with low-income groups to support them in constructing safer and more
resilient housing.
■■Local governments should take more responsibility for this and for the
development of low-income housing and settlements in hazard-prone areas.
■■More support is needed from government and public and private sectors for local
economic development in hazard-prone areas, and to bridge the gap between local
built environment professionals and at-risk low-income households.
■■Social capital such as mutual help among neighbours in response and recovery
after disasters is an essential component of the climate resilience of low income
households.
■■Planning permission is needed in the form of building permits, which include
safety-related construction criteria for hazard-prone areas.